Jude 14,15

Enoch was one of the foremost of the Old Testament people. We read in Genesis that "Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him." (Gen 5:24) In the "Faith Chapter" of Hebrews, further explanation is given: "By faith Enoch was taken so that he did not experience death; and he was not found, because God had taken him. For it was attested before he was taken away that he had pleased God." (Hebrews 11:5)

Remarkably, outside of references in genealogies, Enoch receives only one more "call" in the Scriptures. This is in the book of Jude, where Jude says: "It was also about these that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, "See, the Lord is coming with ten thousands of his holy ones, to execute judgment on all, and to convict everyone of all the deeds of ungodliness that they have committed in such an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things that ungodly sinners have spoken against him."" (Jude 14,15)

This seemingly off-hand remark, which notes Enoch as a prophet of God, is given for our examination. "All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness." (2 Timothy 3:16) These verses in Jude will be the subject of our study.

1. Read Jude 3-15. In verse 14, our text says that Jude prophesied "about these." Who is the "these" that Jude refers to in verse 14? (Note especially verse 4.)



2. Give some possibilities of. who the "holy ones" of Jude 14 might be. In Jude 14, the Greek word for "ten thousands" is murias, which can be translated three ways. (Strong's Greek Dictionary.):

1) ten thousand

2) an innumerable multitude, an unlimited number

3) innumerable hosts

How does your translation read?



3. Read Rev 7:9-17. Who are the great multitude of verse 9? Is there any chance that this group could be angels? Does this open up the possibilities of who the "holy ones" might be?



4. In order to understand the "coming" and "holy ones" of verse 14 in Jude, it is expedient to examine some other verses of Scripture. Read 1 Thess 4:16,17. Is the event illustrated in Paul's letter to the Thessalonians the same as that described in Jude?



5. The event in 1 Thess 4:16,17 is quite often referred to as the rapture. Verse 17 says we shall be "caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air" The Greek word for "caught up" is harpazo which is defined as follows:

1) to seize, carry off by force

2) to seize on, claim for one's self eagerly

3) to snatch out or away

The Latin translation for harpazo is rapturo from which comes our common term, rapture. How do you view the event of 1 Thess 4:16,17 in the light of this translation?



6. Read 1 Thess 4:14. Is there anything at odds with 1 Thess 4:16,17? How can Jesus "bring with Him" those He is rapturing?



7. Many believe that the coming of Jesus described in Jude, and the rapture of the Church described in 1 Thess 4:16, is not the same event. A table is provided which gives some pertinent references for our examination. Make your notes in the table, looking for items listed below:

Rapture Events?

Enoch's Prophecy?

1. Translation of all believers A. No translation at all.
2. Translated saints go to heaven B. Translated saints return to earth
3. Earth not judged C. Earth judged; righteousness established
4. Imminent, any moment, signless D. Follows definite predicted signs, including tribulation.
5. Not in the Old Testament E. Predicted often in Old Testament
6. Believers only F. Affects all men on the earth
7. Before the day of wrath G. Concluding the day of wrath
8. No reference to Satan H. Satan is bound
9. Christ comes for His own. I. Christ comes with His own.
10. He comes in the air. J. He comes to the earth
11. He claims His bride. K. He comes with His bride
12. Only His own see Him L. Every eye shall see Him

Table source: Missler, Chuck, From Here to Eternity, Koinonia House, 1995

8. Read Rev 20:4-6. Who will be resurrected after the "thousand years" are over? Saved, unsaved, or __________?



9. Who will be resurrected prior to the "thousand years?"



10. Do you view the "thousand years" as a literal thousand years, or figurative, denoting some other period?



11. The Greek word for "thousand" is chilioi, which appears in the New Testament 11 times. Strong's gives the following:

5507 chilioi {khil'-ee-oy}

AV - thousand 11; 11

1) a thousand

The Greek word for "years" is etos, a primary word.

2094 etos {et'-os}

AV - year 49; 49

1) year

Compare various translations of Rev 20:4-6 and discuss the possible intent of these verses.



12. The Lutheran Church rejects Millennialism as a literal interpretation of Rev 20:4-6. (The term Millennialism arises from the Latin mille, "thousand," and annus, "year".) Thus the Lutheran Church is deemed "amillennialist." In this understanding, Satan is bound now, and we, the saints, are ruling now with Christ in His Kingdom. In a report by The Commission on Theology and Church Relations of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, the statement is made: "The Scriptures teach that there will be one final judgment day which will take place at Christ's second advent at the end of human history." "There is nothing in the ... texts that would support the premillennialist view that there will two, three, or more judgments separated by periods of time, or one long, drawn-out trial." (Page 30) How does this view fit in with your understanding of 1 Thess 4:16,17?



13. Read Luke 17:26-36. How would you interpret the taking and leaving? How does this fit with 1 Thess 4:16,17?



14. The disciples asked "where?" in verse 37. What is Jesus' answer? What does Jesus answer mean?



15. What time of day do women grind, and what time of day would two be in bed? Could this be used to show that the event will be world-wide and instantaneous? ("as the lightning flashes and lights up the sky from one side to the other")



16. Read Hosea 12:10. The King James uses the word "similitude." The Hebrew word is {daw-maw'}. Strong's Hebrew dictionary defines damah as follows:

1) to be like, resemble

Some consider Enoch and the Flood as part of a model or "similitude", which might be used to help understand the workings of the Seventieth week of Daniel. Read Daniel 9:24-27. How would you fill in the table if the flood is similar to the tribulation?

Peoples of the Flood

"Similitude" described

Seventieth Week Correlation

The Flood

The Trial

The Tribulation


Those taken out prior to Trial


Wicked unsaved

Those who perished

Wicked unsaved

Noah and his family

Those saved or "brought through"



17. Now that you have sorted everything out, make up your own "End-Times" list of events:

  1. Nation of Israel built by God from Abraham
  2. Law instituted
  3. Method of atonement given
  4. Christ comes and keeps the law
  5. Christ rejected by Israel
  6. Christ dies as our atonement
  7. Christ rises from the dead
  8. The Church is born

9. ________________________________________________

10. _______________________________________________

11. _______________________________________________

12. _______________________________________________

13. _______________________________________________

14. _______________________________________________

15. _______________________________________________

16. _______________________________________________

Regardless of how you fill out your "End-Times" list of events, remember this one thing:

If you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.

(Romans 10:9)


Bible Ref.


Bible Ref.


John 14: 3

I will come again and will take you to myself

Dan 7:13

As I watched in the night visions, I saw one like a human being coming with the clouds of heaven.

1 Cor 15:51,52

Listen, I will tell you a mystery! We will not all die, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.

Zech 14:3-5,9

Then the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations as when he fights on a day of battle. 4 On that day his feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives, which lies before Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives shall be split in two 5 Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him. 9 And the LORD will become king over all the earth; on that day the LORD will be one and his name one.

Phil 3:20

But our citizenship is in heaven, and it is from there that we are expecting a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ.

Matthew 24:27-31

27 For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 28 Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will gather. 29 "Immediately after the suffering of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of heaven will be shaken. 30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see 'the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven' with power and great glory. 31 And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Col 3:4

When Christ who is your life is revealed, then you also will be revealed with him in glory.

Matthew 26:64

Jesus said to him, "You have said so. But I tell you, From now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven."

1 Thess 1:10

and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead -- Jesus, who rescues us from the wrath that is coming.

Mark 13:21-27

And if anyone says to you at that time, 'Look! Here is the Messiah!' or 'Look! There he is!' -- do not believe it. 22 False messiahs and false prophets will appear and produce signs and omens, to lead astray, if possible, the elect. 23 But be alert; I have already told you everything. 24 "But in those days, after that suffering, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, 25 and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. 26 Then they will see 'the Son of Man coming in clouds' with great power and glory. 27 Then he will send out the angels, and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.

1 Thess 5:9

For God has destined us not for wrath but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ

Mark 14:62

Jesus said, "I am; and 'you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of the Power,' and 'coming with the clouds of heaven.' "

1 Thess 5:23

May the God of peace himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be kept sound and blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Luke 21:25-28

"There will be signs in the sun, the moon, and the stars, and on the earth distress among nations confused by the roaring of the sea and the waves. 26 People will faint from fear and foreboding of what is coming upon the world, for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 27 Then they will see 'the Son of Man coming in a cloud' with power and great glory. 28 Now when these things begin to take place, stand up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near."

Heb 9:28

so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin, but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.

Acts 1:9-11

When he had said this, as they were watching, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. 10 While he was going and they were gazing up toward heaven, suddenly two men in white robes stood by them. 11 They said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking up toward heaven? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven."


Bible Ref.


Bible Ref.


Rev 3:10

Because you have kept my word of patient endurance, I will keep you from the hour of trial that is coming on the whole world to test the inhabitants of the earth.

1 Thess 3:13

And may he so strengthen your hearts in holiness that you may be blameless before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints.


2 Thess 1:6-10

For it is indeed just of God to repay with affliction those who afflict you, 7 and to give relief to the afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels 8 in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. 9 These will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, separated from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might, 10 when he comes to be glorified by his saints and to be marveled at on that day among all who have believed, because our testimony to you was believed.


Revelation 1:7

Look! He is coming with the clouds; every eye will see him, even those who pierced him; and on his account all the tribes of the earth will wail. So it is to be. Amen.


Rev 19:11-16, 20:6

Then I saw heaven opened, and there was a white horse! Its rider is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems; and he has a name inscribed that no one knows but himself. 13 He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies of heaven, wearing fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses 15 From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron; he will tread the wine press of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. 16 On his robe and on his thigh he has a name inscribed, "King of kings and Lord of lords."

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